Article shared by: an important feature of colonial india was the emergence of communalism as a force that guided the destiny of india into a blood bath and inevitable partition of the indian subcontinent on communal lines. The great divide the violent legacy of indian partition the partition of punjab and bengal will be sowing the seeds of future serious trouble as both a personal and a communal. The partition animated the hindus and led the muslims to form their own national organization on communal lines bengal was reunited in 1911 in an effort to both appease the bengali sentiment and have easier administration but it caused resentment among the bengali. However, the legacy of the empire and partition is certainly not one of an inevitable communal divide from trade to empire disraeli famously dubbed india a 'jewel in the crown of england. Partition of bengal, 1905 effected on 16 october during the viceroyalty of lord curzon (1899-1905), proved to be a momentous event in the history of modern bengal the idea of partitioning bengal did not originate with curzon.
The british fuelled communal sentiments and divided the indian society for their political gains in colonial india, the official patronages for communal biases were very common communal demands like separate electorates were accepted and thus, they helped in politically strengthening communal organizations. Reasons for partition india and pakistan won independence in august 1947, following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades it set a vital precedent for the negotiated winding up of. Partition - the division of british india into the two separate states of india and pakistan on august 14-15, 1947 - was the last-minute mechanism by which the british were able to secure agreement over how independence would take place.
Indian historians (this group may be categorized as nationalists) blamed the divide et impera strategy of the british and the subsequent rise of the all india muslim league (aiml) with its brand of communal politics. The government announced the idea for partition in january 1904 the idea was opposed by henry john stedman cotton, chief commissioner of assam 1896-1902 the partition was generally supported by the muslims of east bengal by both their poor economic conditions in east bengal and the perceived. Since the mid-1980s, however, the historiography of bengal has begun to notice the partition riots and the final division of bengal in a paper published in 1985, harun-or-rashid, a bangladeshi historian from the university of chittagong, examined the impact of the great calcutta killing (1946) on bengal politics. The second swadeshi movement started with the partition of bengal by the viceroy of india, lord curzon in 1905 and continued up to 1911 it was the most successful of the pre-gandhian movement it was the most successful of the pre-gandhian movement. Bengal and its consequences concentration on the partition of punjab led to the neglect of the fate of bengal, as with the partition of india, the advocate of bengal's partition lived to face the consequences of their miscalculations.
The encouraged divide between muslims had been heightened by the divide of bengal in 1905 by curzon (1898-1905) the area was traditionally divided by opinion with the rise contention between the indian national congress and the muslim league who both had a degree of power within the state. Partition of bengal, 1905 affected on 16 october during the viceroyalty of lord curzon (1899-1905) proved to be a momentous event in the history of modern bengal the idea of partitioning bengal did not originate with curzon. What effects did the 1947 partition have on hindus in india, pakistan, and bangladesh did the 1947 partition of india had any effect on french and portuguese india if bangladesh was secular, then why did the partition of bangladesh (east bengal) from india take place in 1947. Bengal, substantially contributed to the political partition of the bangla-speaking region on communal lines in fact, the linguistic and literary division among the muslim and hindu populaces of bengal had taken place much. Map showing the result of the partition of bengal in 1905 the western part (bengal) gained parts of orissa, the eastern part (eastern bengal and assam) regained assam that had been made a separate province in 1874.
And under the pressure of communal propaganda,the masses were unable to locate the real causefor eg- most often the exploiting sections- landlords,moneylenders were upper caste hindus while the poor and exploited were muslims or lower caste hindus. The partition of india was the process of dividing the subcontinent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as india gained its independence from the british raj the northern, predominantly muslim sections of india became the nation of pakistan , while the southern and majority hindu section became the republic of india. A critical piece on west bengal's dangerous situation during the 1971 bangladesh liberation war, india was among the few nations that gave support to the freedom fighters of what was then east pakistan, going as far as providing asylum to the bulk of the pro-independence leadership.
Lord curzon, with a view to divide a country on communal lines, partition bengal, replacement of urdu by hindi in courts also adds the fuel to the fire question 2: there were several factors responsible for the formation of the muslim league. Causes for partition of india mainly rests around three vital causes which include the british policy of divide and rule on the basis of religion, races, caste and creed, the relationship of muslim league and indian national congress and the demand of muslim league for a separate country for the muslims living in india.
The partition of india left both india and pakistan devastated the process of partition claimed many lives in riots, rapes, murders, and looting women, especially, were used as instruments of power by the hindus and the muslims. The partition of bengal in 1905 had resulted in the development of a muslim consciousness the formation of the muslim league in 1906 further accentuated the manner in which religion got tied down. - bengal brought back together in 1911, which angered muslims who preferred the partition indian national congress founded by indians and british as a society to foster government participation for educated indians. The partition of bengal in 1905, was made on october 16, by then viceroy of india, lord curzon, and that was the start point of the communal divide between hindus and muslims partition was promoted for administrative regions bengal was as large as france, but with a significantly larger population.